So far, DC and 23 out of 50 U.S. states have legalized medical marijuana, but the debate about its safeness and efficiency is continuing.
Proponents claim medical marijuana can treat symptoms of a number of diseases and disorders, including glaucoma, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and AIDS. They cite multiple scientific studies, government reports, and facts about the medicinal use of marijuana throughout world history.
Opponents argue that marijuana is a dangerous addictive drug that leads to harder drug use and can damage human body, especially lungs, immune system, and, when it comes to recreational use, also the brain.
So what are the pros and cons of medical marijuana? Let us look a bit closer at the debate.
The pros of medical marijuana
Medical marijuana can provide lots of health benefits, especially if it is not consumed by smoking but by vaping or ingesting. In this case, the patient avoids getting lung and throat damage by the hot particles that happens with tobacco smoking.
Based on a number of studies, here are some pros of marijuana:
- Marijuana can decrease and help control epileptic seizures, including the ones from Dravet’s syndrome.
- Marijuana may be used to improve human metabolic processes.
- Marijuana can treat Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
- Marijuana may relieve the side-effects of chemotherapy during cancer treatment.
- The THC compound of marijuana may inhibit Alzheimer’s disease.
- Marijuana may reduce symptoms of multiple sclerosis and paralysis.
- Marijuana use may alleviate symptoms of the viral Hepatitis type C treatment.
- Marijuana can ease Parkinson’s disease tremors.
- Marijuana is effective when treating appetite loss, especially associated with some cancer types and HIV/AIDS.
- The CBD compound of marijuana is an effective analgesic.
- Marijuana can alleviate or even prevent muscle spasms.
- Marijuana can help treating inflammatory bowel diseases.
The cons of marijuana
Although medical marijuana is legal in some states, its use and possession are still illegal in others. In fact, the federal government still classifies cannabis as a Schedule 1 drug, and if an officer finds marijuana in your possession, you may get penalties.
When it comes to the legalization of marijuana, there is quite a big difference between discussing the benefits of medical and recreational cannabis, though there are some arguments that cover cannabis use in general:
- The THC compound in marijuana may lower the reaction time.
- THC may alter perception.
- Marijuana may reduce sexual capacity of men.
- Marijuana may decrease the short-term memory and impair problem-solving skills.
- Marijuana may reduce balance and coordination.
- CBD may induce apathy and drowsiness that can start depression or mood changes.
- THC in high doses may cause hallucinations.
- When smoked, marijuana heightens the risk of respiratory infections and chronic cough.
- Marijuana increases the risk of heart attack.
- Chronic use of marijuana may suppress the immune system.
- Chronic use of marijuana can impair the cognitive ability.
- Marijuana may be addictive.
- Consuming marijuana during working hours may induce workplace accidents.
Moreover, there is the issue of unlicensed marijuana that may provide damage to human health because of the dangerous chemicals it may contain.
Unfortunately, scientific studies on marijuana that could prove some of the arguments right or wrong meet a lot of restrictions. While cannabis is still considered a Schedule I drug, widespread studies on the issue are unlikely to happen.
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